Bhutan Weather and Climate
Bhutan's climate is as varied as its altitude and, like India, is also influenced by the monsoons. Western Bhutan is particularly affected by the monsoon, which brings 60 to 90 percent of the region's rainfall. The climate is humid and subtropical in the southern plains and foothills, temperate in the inner Himalayan valleys in the southern and central regions, and cold in the north, with the main Himalayan peaks covered with snow all year round.
Temperature varies with altitude. Thimphu is located in central western Bhutan at an altitude of 2200 m (7218 ft), during the monsoon season from June to September, the temperature in Thimphu is about 15 to 26°C (59.0 to 78.8°F), but it drops in January To about -4 to 16°C (24.8 to 60.8°F). Much of the central part of the country has a cool, mild climate throughout the year. In the South, the hot and humid climate helps maintain a fairly even temperature range, between 15 and 30°C (59 and 86°F) year-round, although summer valley temperatures can sometimes reach 40°C (104°C) F).
Annual precipitation varies widely across the country. In the harsh north, annual precipitation is only about 40 mm (1.6 inches) - mostly snow. An average of about 1,000 mm (39.4 in) per year is relatively common in temperate central regions, and 7,800 mm (307.1 in) per year is recorded in some parts of the humid subtropical south, ensuring dense tropical forest, or savanna . Thimphu experienced a dry winter (Dec-Feb) with little precipitation until March, where the average monthly rainfall was 20 mm (0.79 in) and steadily increased thereafter, reaching 220 mm (8.7 in) in August ), with nearly 650 mm (25.6 in) of rainfall throughout the year.
Spring in Bhutan usually starts in early March and lasts until mid-April. Summer weather starts in mid-April with occasional showers and continues until the pre-monsoon rains in late June. The summer monsoon lasts from late June to late September, accompanied by heavy rains in the southwest. Monsoon weather was interrupted by the Himalayas to the north, bringing torrential rain, high humidity, flash floods and landslides, as well as countless cloudy and foggy days. Autumn, from the end of September or early October to the end of November, is the fall after the rainy season. It is characterized by bright, sunny days and some early snowfall at high altitudes. From late November to March, winter sets in with frost over much of the country and frequent snowfall above 3,000 meters (9,843 feet). The northeast monsoon in winter brings strong winds through the alpine pass.
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